About Fred Buttell

Posts by Fred Buttell:

COVID-19 and IPV

With the advent of COVID-19, many regular practices in IPV interventions were disrupted. What seems evident today is that the public health measures deployed to combat the spread of the virus had a serious negative impact on IPV survivors. Below are links to some studies my colleagues and I have published on the intersection of IPV and the pandemic, which I hope prove useful to other researchers and clinical providers.


Buttell, F., Cannon, C. E. B., Rose, K., & Ferreira, R. J. (2021). COVID-19 and intimate partner

violence: Prevalence of resilience and perceived stress during a pandemic. Traumatology, 27(1), 20–28. https://doi.org/10.1037/trm0000296


Cannon, C. E. B., Ferreira, R., Buttell, F., & O’Connor, A. (2022). Impacts of the COVID-19

pandemic on rural survivors of intimate partner violence. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. Advance online publication.



Ferreira, R. J., Buttell, F., & Cannon, C. (2020). COVID-19: Immediate predictors of individual

resilience. Sustainability12(16), 6495-6506. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166495


National Survey for Domestic Violence Intervention Programs

Currently, we are conducting the National Survey for Domestic Violence Intervention Programs, the largest survey of its kind into the demographics, philosophy, and structure of batterer intervention programs across the U.S. and Canada. The aim of this study is to ascertain what domestic violence batterer intervention programs are like across the country. In order to determine this, we have developed a survey that investigates facilitator demographics, client demographics, facilitator insights, and program logistics. By doing so, we will be better able not only to understand how batterer intervention programs operate on the ground but also to develop more accurate policy recommendations in order to improve interventions.

Batterer intervention programs have become the most likely type of intervention after a domestic violence plea or conviction. An exhaustive review of the literature on batterer intervention programs found that some studies have resulted in mixed findings, due in part to flawed research design, but that some recent studies have shown cautious optimism about the positive intervention some batterer intervention programs provide (Eckhardt et al. 2013). Given these findings, such a study as ours is crucial to understanding how effective batterer intervention programs are across the nation and what can be done to improve them in order to reduce instances of intimate partner violence. In their study on leadership, philosophy, and structure of 276 batterer intervention programs in 45 states, Price and Rosenbaum (2009) found that although batterers are not a homogenous group, interventions are based on a “one size fits all” model. Given their findings, we propose to expand the case base to 3,500 batterer intervention programs across the U.S. and Canada. We also aim to study not only the philosophy and structure of these programs, but also the demographics of both facilitators and clients. Once the survey is completed, we intend to use them to publish journal articles about what we find as well as use them to create evidence based arguments for policy changes (assuming any are needed).

If you work at a batterer intervention program please participate in our survey by clicking this link

Clare Cannon, Tulane University